Gran Canaria has a relatively high police presence. Read a little update on the rules of cycling in Spain.
In general, these rules are consistent throughout Spain, but some vary in different municipalities.
A bicycle is considered a vehicle, although of course no driving licence is required. If you do have a driving licence, it is not possible to be given any points on your license from cycling offences.
Helmets are mandatory, outside of urban areas. Riding without one can incur a fine of 200 euro. For under 16s, helmets are mandatory even in urban areas.
Wearing headphones while riding is also illegal, again punishable with a 200 euro fine.
Using a telephone while cycling: 200 euros
Running a red light or a STOP sign: 100-200 euros
Disrespecting other road users, performing reckless manoeuvres, not signalling turn directions, riding on the pavement, and excessive speeding in pedestrianised areas may also lead to fines.
Alcohol levels on a breathalyser test may not exceed 0.25mg/l, or 0.5g/l in the event of a blood test, otherwise again being liable to fines. What this translates to in units actually consumed is variable on body weight and hydration status.
Cyclists should cycle in hard shoulders if these are present and safe to use.
It is permitted to ride two abreast (side by side)
Cycling on Motorways is prohibited- except in cases of special permissions: which I got to experience first-hand a couple of years ago when two police motorbikes escorted some friends and I along a stretch of motorway to safety...!
Lights are mandatory in tunnels, such as those on the coast road between Puerto Rico and Taurito.
It is strongly advisable to carry photo ID with you at all times, such as a drivers licence, identity card or passport.
As for drivers, when overtaking cyclists: they should leave minimum 1,5 meters of space when passing you! The locals tend to be very respectful of this.